Coffee Fundamentals – Supply

A coffee tree will yield an amount of coffee beans to fill a one-pound can of ground coffee during each growing season.

It takes 3 to 5 years after planting a coffee tree before it can produce marketable coffee beans.

arabica coffee tree

Arabica Coffee Plant

The world’s largest producers of coffee are Brazil, Vietnam, Columbia, Indonesia, Guatemala and Mexico.

Mexico, Brazil and Columbia mainly produce Arabica coffee. Vietnam produces Robusta coffee, which is considered to be lower quality than Arabica.

Arabica is the type of coffee traded at ICE Futures US(ICE).  A contract consists of 37,500 pounds.